Sabbath in the Bible

Signifying a period of rest

  • Genesis 2:2-3 And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. 3 And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.
  • Leviticus 23 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 2 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, Concerning the feasts of the LORD, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my feasts. 3 Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the sabbath of rest, an holy convocation; ye shall do no work therein: it is the sabbath of the LORD in all your dwellings. 4 These are the feasts of the LORD, even holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their seasons. ...
  • Also Leviticus 25; 26:34-35.

Bible Encyclopedia for SABBATH.

Preparations for the

  • Exodus 16:22 And it came to pass, that on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for one man: and all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses.
  • Matthew 27:62 Now the next day, that followed the day of the preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees came together unto Pilate,
  • Mark 15:42 And now when the even was come, because it was the preparation, that is, the day before the sabbath,
  • Luke 23:54 And that day was the preparation, and the sabbath drew on.
  • John 19:31 The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.

Definition of sabbath

Religious usages on the

  • Genesis 2:3 And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.
  • Mark 6:2 And when the sabbath day was come, he began to teach in the synagogue: and many hearing him were astonished, saying, From whence hath this man these things? and what wisdom is this which is given unto him, that even such mighty works are wrought by his hands?
  • Luke 4:16 And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and stood up for to read.
  • Luke 4:31 And came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and taught them on the sabbath days.
  • Luke 6:6 And it came to pass also on another sabbath, that he entered into the synagogue and taught: and there was a man whose right hand was withered.
  • Luke 13:10 And he was teaching in one of the synagogues on the sabbath.
  • Also Acts 13:14.

Sacrifices on the

  • Numbers 28:9-10 And on the sabbath day two lambs of the first year without spot, and two tenth deals of flour for a meat offering, mingled with oil, and the drink offering thereof: 10 This is the burnt offering of every sabbath, beside the continual burnt offering, and his drink offering.
  • Ezekiel 46:4-5 And the burnt offering that the prince shall offer unto the LORD in the sabbath day shall be six lambs without blemish, and a ram without blemish. 5 And the meat offering shall be an ephah for a ram, and the meat offering for the lambs as he shall be able to give, and an hin of oil to an ephah.

UNCLASSIFIED SCRIPTURES RELATING TO

  • Genesis 2:2-3 And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. 3 And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.
  • Exodus 16:5 And it shall come to pass, that on the sixth day they shall prepare that which they bring in; and it shall be twice as much as they gather daily.
  • Exodus 16:23-30 And he said unto them, This is that which the LORD hath said, To morrow is the rest of the holy sabbath unto the LORD: bake that which ye will bake to day, and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning. 24 And they laid it up till the morning, as Moses bade: and it did not stink, neither was there any worm therein. 25 And Moses said, Eat that to day; for to day is a sabbath unto the LORD: to day ye shall not find it in the field. 26 Six days ye shall gather it; but on the seventh day, which is the sabbath, in it there shall be none. ...
  • Also Exodus 20:8-11; 23:12; 31:13-17; 34:21; 35:2-3; Leviticus 16:29-31; 19:3,30; 23:1-3,27-32; 24:8; 26:2,34-35; Numbers 15:32-36; 28:9-10; Deuteronomy 5:12-15; 2 Kings 4:23; 1 Chronicles 9:32; 2 Chronicles 36:21; Nehemiah 9:13-14; 10:31; 13:15-22; Psalms 92; 118:24; Isaiah 1:13; 56:2,4-7; 58:13-14; 66:23; Jeremiah 17:21-22,24-27; Lamentations 1:7; 2:6; Ezekiel 20:12-13,16,20-21,24; 22:8; 23:38; 44:24; 46:1,3; Hosea 2:11; Amos 8:5; Matthew 12:1-8,10-12; 24:20; Mark 2:27-28; 6:2; 16:1; Luke 4:16,31; 6:1-10; 13:10-17; 14:1-6; 23:54,56; John 5:5-14; 7:21-24; 9:1-34; 19:31; Acts 13:14,27,42,44; 15:21; 16:13; 17:2; 18:4; Colossians 2:16; Hebrews 4:4,9.

OBSERVANCE OF

By Moses

  • Numbers 15:32-34 And while the children of Israel were in the wilderness, they found a man that gathered sticks upon the sabbath day. 33 And they that found him gathering sticks brought him unto Moses and Aaron, and unto all the congregation. 34 And they put him in ward, because it was not declared what should be done to him.

By Nehemiah

  • Nehemiah 13:15 In those days saw I in Judah some treading wine presses on the sabbath, and bringing in sheaves, and lading asses; as also wine, grapes, and figs, and all manner of burdens, which they brought into Jerusalem on the sabbath day: and I testified against them in the day wherein they sold victuals.
  • Nehemiah 13:21 Then I testified against them, and said unto them, Why lodge ye about the wall? if ye do so again, I will lay hands on you. From that time forth came they no more on the sabbath.

By the women preparing to embalm the corpse of Jesus

  • Luke 23:56 And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbath day according to the commandment.

By Paul

  • Acts 13:14 But when they departed from Perga, they came to Antioch in Pisidia, and went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and sat down.

By the disciples

  • Acts 16:13 And on the sabbath we went out of the city by a river side, where prayer was wont to be made; and we sat down, and spake unto the women which resorted thither.

By John

  • Revelation 1:10 I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day, and heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet,

VIOLATIONS OF

INSTANCES OF

Gathering manna

  • Exodus 16:27 And it came to pass, that there went out some of the people on the seventh day for to gather, and they found none.

Gathering sticks

  • Numbers 15:32 And while the children of Israel were in the wilderness, they found a man that gathered sticks upon the sabbath day.

Men of Tyre

  • Nehemiah 13:16 There dwelt men of Tyre also therein, which brought fish, and all manner of ware, and sold on the sabbath unto the children of Judah, and in Jerusalem.

The inhabitants of Jerusalem

  • Jeremiah 17:21-23 Thus saith the LORD; Take heed to yourselves, and bear no burden on the sabbath day, nor bring it in by the gates of Jerusalem; 22 Neither carry forth a burden out of your houses on the sabbath day, neither do ye any work, but hallow ye the sabbath day, as I commanded your fathers. 23 But they obeyed not, neither inclined their ear, but made their neck stiff, that they might not hear, nor receive instruction.
 
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